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RESOURCES: Human Trafficking

At MPSSAS, Suzanne Smoke works on anti human trafficking initiatives across all the Treaty and unceded lands in the colonial region of Ontario and can connect those who wish to exit trafficking with resources to help. 


She also offers public education and awareness to support Indigenous communities and individuals with prevention. 

Autumn Forest

Contact Suzanne Smoke

looking for support?

Medicine Wheel

What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, or deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” (Cullen-DuPont, 2009). 

Reports & Toolkits


Coming soon...

Facts about Human Trafficking

  • Women are the group that is most greatly affected by human trafficking as 80 percent of people trafficked are women and children. 

  • In Canada, Indigenous women and 2S folks are more at risk for trafficking. Indigenous population in Canada accounts for 3% of the total population but accounts for 90% of sex –trade and over 50% of trafficked peoples.

  • In Canada, human trafficking represents a market of $120-$400 million (2000)

  • Between 2009-2014, 47% of police reported trafficked persons in Canada are between the ages of 18-24 and 25% were under 18.

  • Most women trafficked in Canada are trafficked domestically. 94% of reported cases are domestic.

1 Cullen-DuPont, K. (2009). Global Issues: Human Trafficking. Facts on File: New York.

1 Stewart, D. E., & Gajic-Veljanoski, O. (2005). Trafficking in women: the Canadian perspective. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 173(1), 25-26.


3 From Global to Local and Over the Rainbow: Violence Against Women by Olena Hankivsky and Colleen Varcoe in Women’s Health in Canada: Critical Perspectives on Theory and Policy, 2007



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