Human Trafficking

“Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, or deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” (Cullen-DuPont, 2009). 1

Our worker Suzanne Smoke works on anti human trafficking initiatives across all the Treaty and unceded lands in the colonial region of Ontario and can connect those who wish to exit trafficking with resources to help.  She also offers public education and awareness to support Indigenous communities and individuals with prevention.  Find her in the 'contact us' part of this website.  

Some facts about human trafficking:

  • Women are the group that is most greatly affected by human trafficking as 80 percent of people trafficked are women and children. 1

  • In Canada, Indigenous women and 2S folks are more at risk for trafficking. Indigenous population in Canada accounts for 3% of the total population but accounts for 90% of sex –trade and over 50% of trafficked peoples.

  • In Canada human trafficking represents a market of $120-$400 million (2000)3

  • Between 2009-2014, 47% of police reported trafficked persons in Canada are between the ages of 18-24 and 25% were under 18.4

  • Most women trafficked in Canada are trafficked domestically. 94% of reported cases are domestic.5


Reports & Toolkits


Resources & Links

  • Women’s Support Network of York Region Human Trafficking Crisis Line: 905-758-5285

  • Women’s Support Network of York Region ( Offers free crisis intervention, public education & outreach, workshops etc). Call 905-895-3646 or Visit their website

  • Chrysalis Anti-Human Trafficking Network (Provides free, confidential telephone counselling for victims of trafficking) 1-866-528-7109. Visit Website.  

  • Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime 

1 Cullen-DuPont, K. (2009). Global Issues: Human Trafficking. Facts on File: New York.

1 Stewart, D. E., & Gajic-Veljanoski, O. (2005). Trafficking in women: the Canadian perspective. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 173(1), 25-26.


3 From Global to Local and Over the Rainbow: Violence Against Women by Olena Hankivsky and Colleen Varcoe in Women’s Health in Canada: Critical Perspectives on Theory and Policy, 2007